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We can also deal with smaller things. It may well be that someone's just got a splinter in their finger and you can use tweezers to remove the splinter. It may be they've got a smaller cut or a blister and you need to put a plaster on. Now, when you're dealing with something like this, again, make sure you've got your gloves on. Plasters themselves in first aid kits, they'll normally be in a box separate and there are different types of plasters. This particular kit here has got waterproof plasters in and the other type is a fabric plaster. With the waterproof ones, they're okay, just to keep water off of the wound if someone's going to be getting it wet. But sometimes they'll still come off if you go swimming and things like that. Some workplaces would have an actual plaster box. The advantage of a plaster box means that you're not actually with someone potentially with a cut on their hand going into the first aid kit dripping blood in there, so they may well keep the plasters separately. It's likely they'll be in a box like this where, when you open it up, you've got a selection of different sizes of plaster.
Or it may be that they're in a dispenser on the wall and you can literally just pull off each one of the plasters one by one. What we'll do now is to have a look at how to put different plasters on. Now, when you're putting plasters on and wearing gloves, it's sometimes quite difficult. But sometimes it can be just as easy to ask the patient to actually pop the plaster on themselves. Plasters themselves are usually in a sealed package, so here all we do is just tear down to tear one plaster off, and then you can just peel the end open, and this will expose the plaster itself. Once you've done that, take the plaster out. The actual plaster itself has got a pad. They're all lots of shapes but they'll all be pretty much the same. You've got the pad in the middle and the sticky part on the outside. And on this side, you've just got the peel off part. What you can do with this, is just peel off both. Try and avoid touching the actual pad itself, because there's always the risk that you're going to get any possible infections on there. From there, you can just peel off one end, give me your hand, so you can then just lay that over the wound, pop it down, stretch it over, and then just seal it around. Just make sure that all of the material is actually stuck onto the skin.
You can then monitor the cut. You can see if blood does start coming through, you may need to deal with that. Put another plaster on or maybe put a different type of dressing on. This sort of plaster here is ideally for things like blisters around the heel because it's covering the whole area, stopping dirt getting in, and also it gives some protection if the cut does get knocked in any way. There other types of plaster, this particular one here is designed to go on the end of the finger. Again, open it up, expose the plaster itself. And what you've got here is some little towels on the corner, so when it sits on top of the finger you can actually wrap that round, and then use these to secure it in place. This is where you get a little cut on the end or maybe you've got a problem with the nail, a cut to the bed of the nail or a ripped nail. Again, put your finger up, peel it back, just take one side off to start with. Pop that over the end. Then you can just fold the ends over, bring the towels around, and just secure it around on the ends. With these plasters, they can look quite clumsy and it depends on the finger size as well, how well they go on. But if you need to, you can always wrap another plaster around this side here to hold these ends in.
But the important thing here is it is offering some protection over the end. For the example, here, if it was the nail that was torn, this is going to give complete protection and you're not going to have a catching part on the nail which could then because even more pain and more bleeding. There are other types of plasters. You might find lots of different shapes in the plaster box. Just find the best one for the actual job you're trying to do. This one here is quite good, because it will go around joints quite well, so if you had to put this onto an area here, pop the plaster around and there's plenty of surface area on either side to actually grip onto the hand. And also, this thing could work quite well around the heel, because there's quite a lot of area, adhesive area, to keep the plaster in place where maybe someone's got some shoes that are rubbing or they've got a blister on their heels. The important thing with any of these plasters is to find the right plaster for the job. Keep a check on it.
You're only dealing with small cuts here. Monitor them, and maybe if there is more bleeding coming through, you might need to consider putting a bigger dressing on. In most cases, we're never dealing with something here that's going to be a hospital job. But, if there was someone with a blister or a cut like this, there is always the risk of infection, so maybe just have a chat with the person to make sure they keep an eye on it over the next day or so. But once it's pretty much stopped bleeding, sometimes the best thing to do is actually remove the plaster if it's not being knocked, and let the air dry it naturally. And you'll find that these sorts of cuts will heal up very, very quickly with no real attention.